Author: Ron Graham

Old Testament

More on the Book of Psalms
—An overview

This study takes an overview of the Book of Psalms, to help us better understand and appreciate this Bible book.

1 Not One Book But Five

The “Book of Psalms” is really five books combined:

1. Psalms 1-41,
2. Psalms 42-72,
3. Psalms 73-89,
4. Psalms 90-106,
5. Psalms 107-150.

The final Psalm in each of the five books closes with a doxology (word of praise to God). For example Psalm 41 at the end of book 1, closes with...

Blessed be the LORD
The God of Israel,
From everlasting to everlasting,
Amen and Amen.

2 Half of the Psalms are Attributed to David

David, a prophet, was king of Israel and an ancestor of Jesus Christ. (Acts 2:29-31, 2Samuel 5:1-5). Seventy three out of the total 150 psalms were written by David.

The Psalms of David show David’s genius as a composer of songs. He was also a gifted orchestrator of musical instruments "for the praise of the Lord", in the tabernacle worship (1Chronicles 23:5, 2Chronicles 29:25-28).

3 Psalms Especially Loved By Christians

All scripture is good and profitable (2Timothy 3:14-17) however certain Psalms, such as Psalm 23 and Psalm 51, have an extra special place in the Christian’s heart and worship (Colossians 3:16).

Most pocket editions of the New Testament also include the Psalms at the back following the Book of Revelation.

4 Not All Bible Psalms Are In the Book of Psalms

These 150 psalms are not the only ones in the Bible. A few other psalms are scattered through the Bible.


Other Psalms in the Bible
Deut 32 Moses’s song approaching the promised land
Judges 5 Deborah’s song at the Caananites' defeat
1Sam 2 Hannah’s prayer at Samuel’s dedication
2Sam 22 David’s song when delivered from Saul [Psalms 18]
Luke 1:45-55 Mary’s song when she visited Elizabeth
Luke 1:67-79 Zachariah’s prophecy at the birth of his son John
Revelation 5 The elder’s song in the vision of the throne