Author: Ron Graham

Isaiah Introductions

Background to Isaiah
—Page 1, Isaiah’s ministry, Judah’s kings

This page will support your studies of Isaiah with some useful background to the book.

1 Isaiah’s ministry

The book of Isaiah belongs to the latter days of the divided kingdom. Isaiah was a preacher and prophet to the smaller kingdom of Judah. Its capital city was Jerusalem (Zion). Isaiah helped to prevent Judah’s captivity and exile by Assyria when the Assyrian king Sennacherib invaded the land during Hezekiah’s reign (2Kings 17-20, 2Chronicles 26-32, Isaiah 36-39). However Isaiah’s ministry began 47 years earlier in the last year of king Uzziah, Hezekiah's great grandfather (Isaiah 6:1,8). Isaiah’s work spanned the reigns of four kings in Judah (Isaiah 1:1).

2 Kings of Juda in Isaiah’s Time

Isaiah prophesied in the days of the last four kings of Judah, the capital of which was Jerusalem, also called Zion. All were good kings except Ahaz. Note the mentions of Isaiah in 2Kgs 18-20 and 2Chronicles 26:22, 2Chronicles 32:20-32.

 

Kings of Judah
in Isaiah’s Time

(Isaiah 36-39)
King 2Ch 2Kg
Uzziah 26 14
Jotham 27 15
Ahaz 28 16*
Hezekiah 29-32 *18-20
*Note: Assyria captured the neighbouring kingdom of Israel, also known as Ephraim (2Kings 17)

3 Facts About the Kings

Uzziah

Jotham

Ahaz

Hezekiah

Hoshea

Other pages in this article
pp p1 p2 p3 p4 pn

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