Arrival at Sinai —And stages of the wilderness wanderings
Time ~ 3. Wandering in the Wilderness Span ~ 40 years Books ~ Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy Figures ~ Moses Begins with ~ Exodus from Egypt across Red Sea Ends with ~ Entry into promised Land across Jordan
In this lesson we look at the the Israelites' arrival at Mount Sinai, and some of the events there —including God's appearance on the mountain while the people watched below (Exodus 19:1-25; 20:18-22).
1 Camping at Mount Sinai
The time of Wandering in the Wilderness lasted 40 years.
In the first three months, the children of Israel left Egypt and went to Horeb in the wilderness of Sinai. (Horeb is another name for Mount Sinai).
They remained camped in this area for two years. Among other things during the encampment...
Behind this story is God's grace, and how God made his will known to the Israelites by signs. God did not force his will upon them. Instead, he made it a condition that they choose to obey, in order that his kind intentions for them might be realised.
If they disobeyed, God warned, he would "break out against them."
Three things to notice in Exodus 19
Notice God's intention:
v. 5-6 (cf Revelation 1:5-6,1Peter 2:9)"You shall be a special treasure to me --a kingdom of priests"
Notice the condition:
v. 5 (cf Colossians 1:21-23)"If you will indeed obey my voice and keep my covenant"
Notice the sign:
v. 11,16 (cf 1Corinthians 15:3-4)"It came to pass on the third day in the morning"
4 Early Stages of the Wilderness Wanderings
From Egypt to the arrival at Sinai...
Ramases [in Egypt] to Succoth
(Exodus 12:37) ~ End of 430 years bondage
Succoth to Etham
Turn back to camp between Migdol and the Red Sea
(Exodus 14:2) ~ Crossing of Red Sea
~ Egyptian army destroyed
Red Sea to Wilderness of Shur
(Exodus 15:22-23) ~ Bitter waters made sweet
On to Elim oasis
Elim to Wilderness of Sin
(Exodus 16:1) ~ Giving of manna and quail for food
On to Rephidim
(Exodus 17:1) ~ Water from the rock and war with Amalek
Rephidim to Sinai
(Exodus 19:1-2, Numbers 10:11, Numbers 1) ~ Arrived 3rd month after leaving Egypt
~ Stayed at Sinai 2 years
~ The Law given through Moses
~ Tabernacle constructed
~ First census taken
5 Latter Stages of the Wilderness Wanderings
From Sinai to the Promised Land...
Stayed two years at Sinai.
Sinai to Hazeroth, then to Kadesh
(Numbers 12:16,13,14,Numbers 20:1-21) ~ Note: Kadesh (Kadesh-barnea)
is an oasis surrounded clockwise by the wildernesses of
Negev, Zin, Paran, and Shur.
~ Spies journey north to Canaan
~ Israelites rebel and refuse to enter the
~ Water from the rock -Moses's error
~ Edom refuses passage along the
Kadesh to Mount Hor bordering Edom
(Numbers 20:22-23) ~ Aaron dies, war with king Arad and the Canaanites
From Mount Hor back toward the Red Sea
(Numbers 21:4) ~ The bronze serpent raised on a pole
Movements around Moab
(Numbers 21:10-20, 33,Numbers 22:1) ~ War with king Sihon and king Og
~ Balaam, the donkey, and the angel
~ Israel becomes immoral (Numbers 25) ~ Second census taken
~ War with Midianites (Numbers 31) ~ Some tribes begin to settle (Numbers 32
Summary of journeys and encampments
(Numbers 33,Deuteronomy 1-5)