Author: Ron Graham
Word family: Baptism, baptize
Synonyms: immersion, dipping,
Related ideas: new birth (regeneration), salvation, forgiveness of sins, the gift of the Holy Spirit, death-burial-resurrection of Christ, sanctification/purification
Definitions: Baptism is the immersion of a person's whole body in water, in the name (by the authority) of Jesus Christ, for the forgiveness of sins by grace, and to receive the gift or indwelling of the Holy Spirit.
Greek References: baptisma (baptism), baptizo (baptize), 907,908 (Strong) cf 909,910.
[from 911 bapto, to dip]
Scripture:Between repentance and forgiveness of sins
Comment: Baptism is defined in most secular dictionaries according to modern usage, not strictly according to Bible usage. We need to let the Bible alone teach us about what it calls baptism. Be aware that the word "baptism" is a transliteration (rather than a translation) of the Greek word. English versions of the Bible have generally resiled from actually translating the Greek (for example with "dipping" or "immersion").