Nav Menu

Author: Ron Graham


Christ’s True Disciples
—Their characteristics

What makes a disciple of Christ? This lesson looks at some of the characteristics of those who are truly disciples of Jesus, and emphasises the point that one member of the church is not a disciple of another member of the church, rather all members are fellow disciples of Christ.

❖ Long ago when apostles wrote the New Testament, they used the language of Greece. This Greek language has three words that are similar. They belong to the same family of words.

Three similar Greek words

μανθανωmanthano, to learn

μαθητηςmatheetees, a disciple

μαθητευωmatheetuo, to teach

1. Disciples Are Students

Jesus invites us, "Take my yoke upon you and learn from me" (Matthew 11:28-30). The word DISCIPLE basically means one who LEARNS. In the Greek New Testament, the words for LEARN and DISCIPLE are similar and related words:

One might assume from this that, if you are somebody’s eager student, then you are that person’s "disciple". Whilst it is a good thing to be taught good things well, that does not make you the DISCIPLE of every person who teaches you. Discipleship includes being taught, but it involves much more.

2. They Imitate Christ

Disciples are learners, but they are not merely to learn by rote. They are expected to live what they learn, and to be committed to and imitating the Master who taught them. (Matthew 16:24, Luke 14:25-27, John 8:31).

As disciples of Christ, we follow the example that Christ left us, and his example was perfect (1Peter 2:21-25).

It is also a good thing to follow the good example set by other disciples. However, following the Christian example of others does not make you THEIR disciple; it only makes you a FELLOW disciple of Christ with them (1Corinthians 11:1, Philippians 3:17, Philippians 4:9, Hebrews 13:7).

3. They Obey Christ

Jesus expects obedience from his disciples, and those who do not abide in his word are not really his disciples (John 8:31). Only those who "bear much fruit" prove to be his disciples (John 15:8).

We are not, of course, disciples of everyone we obey. Even the elders who shepherd the church, whom we are commanded to obey, are themselves disciples under Christ (Hebrews 13:17, 1Peter 5:1-4).

4. They Are Friends of Christ

Jesus counts those who follow him as his "friends" (John 15:13-15). This shows that a close personal relationship exists between each disciple and the Lord.

It is a good thing also, to have close and loving personal relationships with fellow Christians for we are God’s family (Ephesians 2:19). However, such a relationship will not make you that person’s disciple, nor will it make that person your disciple. It only makes you like a father, son, mother, daughter, brother, or sister of that person in Christ (1Corinthians 4:14-17, Romans 16:13).

5. They Are Devoted To Christ

Christ should be your Master. You must think like him. Your commitment and devotion to him should be total — even to taking up your cross every single day (Matthew 16:21-24, Luke 14:25-27)

6. Their Only Master Is Christ

In things to do with religion, Jesus Christ must be our only Rabbi, the only master teacher we follow (Matthew 23:6-10).

Like Joseph of Arimathea, and like the church in Damascus, let us be disciples of the Lord, not disciples and followers of mere men (Matthew 27:57, Acts 9:1-2, 1Corinthians 1:12-13, 1Corinthians 3:4-5). Even the peerless John the Baptist, who for a little while had disciples, wanted them to leave him and follow Jesus (John 1:35-37).

7. They Are Simply Christians

The terms DISCIPLES, CHRISTIANS, BELIEVERS, BRETHREN, SAINTS, are equivalent terms in scripture (Acts 11:26, Acts 18:27, Colossians 1:2). All these terms generally refer to the same group of people.

As an example of this point, note that "when the disciples came together to break bread", that meant the whole church (Acts 20:7 KJV, 1Corinthians 10:16-17).

The disciples were not a rank-and-file or lower class among the church members, ruled by an elite. When Jesus said, "Make disciples of all nations", he simply meant that disciples of Christ are to make more disciples of Christ, in other words more Christians (Matthew 28:16-20).

Once a disciple of Christ, always a disciple of Christ, and never a disciple of anyone else —just a Christian, no more, no less. And a disciple of Christ should carry no other religious name but that of Christ "for there is no other name under heaven given among men by which we must be saved" (Acts 4:12).


Webservant Ron Graham

Copyright on print