Author: Ron Graham

Book of Acts

Analysis of Peter's Sermon
—On the Day of Pentecost (Acts 2)

This lesson analyses Peter's sermon on the day of Pentecost (Acts 2).


PROBLEMS

(Acts 2:14-15)

Peter begins by cutting down the barriers to his message:

  • SENSATIONALISM:
    Peter’s audience is drawn by the sensational event . He directs their attention to the important thing: "Heed my words".
  • PREJUDICE & SKEPTICISM:
    Others mocked the apostles, saying they were drunk. Peter counters this prejudice.

EVIDENCES

(Acts 2:16-22)

Peter lays these foundations of proof for his message:

  • PROPHECY:
    The testimony of the prophets makes up half the transcript of the sermon (v17-21; 25-28; 34-35).
  • MIRACLES:
    Jesus was accredited by his miracles.

TRUTHS

(Acts 2:23-36)

Peter proclaims two of the most basic truths of the gospel. He then powerfully restates them in verse 36.

  • THE CROSS:
    Jesus' death on the cross was not a victory for his enemies, but the plan of God"
  • THE RESURRECTION:
    "God raised him up from the dead". He has been exalted to the right hand of God"

ESSENTIALS

(Acts 2:37-38)

Obviously they would have to believe in Jesus Christ, but their faith ought to be obedient.

  • REPENTANCE:
    Peter said to them, when they asked what they must do, "Repent..."
  • BAPTISM:
    "...and let each of you be baptized in the name of Jesus Christ..."

REWARDS

(Acts 2:38-39)

These promises were to "all who are far off, as many as the Lord our God will call" (v39).

  • FORGIVENESS:
    "...for the forgiveness of sins..."
  • GIFT OF THE SPIRIT:
    "...and you shall receive the gift of the Holy Spirit"

Chart by Ron Graham


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